Kyiv: Institute of History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2010.
Sas’ emphasis on the role of intellectuals in nation-building makes an important theoretical contribution to Ukrainian historiography: “the emergence of conditions for the transition of an ethnos to the nation-building stage presupposes the existence of certain qualitative changes in its spiritual culture, worldview, mentality and identity, spearheaded by intellectuals”. Progress in the cultural sphere in the 16th century - especially in education and book printing - engaged a wider circle of educated people and accelerated the nation-building process.
Shevchenko is still awaiting a proper reception in English – and a translation of the bulk of his work that would match the brilliance of his poetic genius. Yet if we are to understand what is at the heart of Ukrainian identity, the Ukrainian people’s continuous strife for justice, and their courage to face brutal force when defending human rights and dignity, we ought to discover Shevchenko.