Year XX, Issue 11-12 (229-230)

November 2016
Vasyl Lozynsky. Poetic Reflection During War and Peace (Marshall McLuhan’s Theory in Today’s Ukrainian Context)
Vsevolod Rechytsky. Ukrainian Constitution Lacks the Ethos of Capitalism
Oksana Lutsyshyna. Recipe for Hatred
Maria G. Rewakowicz. The Bilingual Oeuvre of Patricia Nell Warren: Genre Matters 
Aleksandr Dmitriev. Premises and Attitudes of Oleksandr Potebnia 
Tetiana Kytsenko. From Beginning to End the Author Has to Change

Summary of this Issue

The November–December, 2016 issue of Krytyka opens with an article on “Poetic Reflection During War and Peace (Marshall McLuhan’s Theory in Today’s Ukrainian Context)” by Vasyl Lozynsky, poet, essayist, translator, curator and artist. The text was first read on November 7, 2015, at the Shevchenko Scientific Society in New York. Lozynsky argues that from the Euromaidan on, Ukraine has become hostage to the global information war. Poets, both Ukrainian and Russian, articulate most acutely the feelings that accompany social tragedy and crisis in diplomatic relations and offer their readers reflection and narratives and sometimes even documentary poems. In this vein, the author analyzes recent poetry about the “hybrid war” in Eastern Ukraine written by Ihor Bobyrev, Oleksiy Chupa, Danila Davydov, Elena Fanailova, Linor Goralik, Borys Khersonsky, Oleh Kotsarev, Dmitry Kuzmin, Kirill Medvedev, Mariya Stepanova, Vera Voinova, Liubov Yakymchuk, Yury Zavadsky and Serhiy Zhadan.

“LGBTQ Discussions in Ukraine: Now Is The Right Time” by Andriy Chybisov is the third article about healthcare in Ukraine, that Krytyka is publishing as part of Brown University’s Ukraine Collaboration, a global health initiative. Andriy Chybisov is currently a Master of Public Health Candidate at the Brown University School of Public Health (Providence, RI). His research focuses on removing access barriers in health care, reducing stigma and discrimination, and sensitizing health workers to minority issues. In his article he analyzes the program of KyivPride Week, a campaign to promote human rights (held on June 6–12, 2016). Andriy Chybisov argues that today’s timing is not only right but critical to the discussion of queer rights in Ukraine.

Vsevolod Rechytsky, Associate Professor of Constitutional Law at the Yaroslav the Wise National Law Academy of Ukraine, constitutional expert of the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group and member of The December First Initiative Group, explores the history of Ukrainian constitutionalism and the main disadvantages of the Ukrainian Basic Law in his article Ukrainian Constitution Lacks the Ethos of Capitalism.” The main points of this article was voiced during the discussion that Krytyka organized August 25, 2016, in Nash Format Club on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of Ukraine's Independence.

Krytyka continues to monitor the effects of the victory of Donald Trump in the US elections. This time Oksana Lutsyshyna, Ukrainian writer, poet, literary scholar, lecturer at University of Texas, in her assay “Recipe for Hatred” attempts to explain the victory of Trump. She considers it a diagnosis of American society, with its roots in xenophobia, racism, sexism and a few other “isms”.

“The Bilingual Oeuvre of Patricia Nell Warren: Genre Matters” by Maria G. Rewakowicz was first delivered as part of the seminar “Placing Bilingualism: Bilingualism in Comparative Perspective” at the Annual Meeting of the American Comparative Literature Association, Harvard University, March 17–20, 2016. The article coincides with the 80th Anniversary of Patricia Nell Warren (or Kylyna, her Ukrainian pen name), who was part of the Ukrainian émigré poetic phenomenon known as the New York Group. Warren’s conscious choice to express herself poetically in the language of what was then a stateless people, is virtually unprecedented. The focus here, however, is on the nature on her bilingualism.

In “Premises and Attitudes of Oleksandr Potebnia,” Russian historian of science and ideology Aleksandr Dmitriev discuss the embodiment of Potebnia’s philosophical and linguistic ideas in post-revolutionary society in the 1920s–1930s. The article first appeared in Aleksandr Potebnja, langage, pensée: Cahiers de l'Institut de linguistique et des sciences du langage. 2016, Vol. 46. Krytyka presents here a shortened Ukrainian version.

Tetiana Kytsenko, playwright, screenwriter and journalist, winner of the Free Theatre Grand Prix (London–Minsk, 2016), reflects on the nature of theater and modern Ukrainian drama. Her “From Beginning to End the Author Has to Change” is a largely autobiographical essay. After the first performance of her play The Women and the Sniper in Theater Magdeburg, Tetiana Kytsenko asks herself about the Maidan, the possibility of maintaining neutrality in wartime, the possibility of truly documentary theater, about the so-called “well written play” and so on, and tries to answer as honestly as possible.

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