Year XXI, Issue 9–10 (239–240)

October 2017
Svitlana Matviyenko. The System is Dead. Long Live The System! Algorithms, Networks and Barbed Wires of The Empires
Dariusz Tołczyk. Opening of The Archipelago                 
Kostiantyn Fedorenko, Andreas Umland. How to Solve The Security Dilemma for Ukraine? The Idea of The Intermarium in Central and Eastern Europe
Hanna Veselovska. A Port of Contemporary Art            
Memory Circles. Kateryna Iakovlenko
Oleksandr Boron. The Expert of the Word                                                                                                                                   

Summary of this Issue

The September–October, 2017 issue of Krytyka opens with an article on “The System is Dead. Long Live The System! Algorithms, Networks and Barbed Wires of The Empires” by Svitlana Matviyenko, Assistant Professor at Simon Fraser University’s School of Communication (Canada). She explores the political economy of information media, social media, media archeology of the Internet infrastructure, theory of information, the history of cybernetics and psychoanalysis, information wars and cyber warfare. The focus of her article is on the emergence of new forms of information imperialism and militarism, the consequences of which Ukraine is experiencing today.

Dariusz Tołczyk, Professor in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of Virginia, U.S., explores the history of Polish and Russian literature of the 20th century, the connection between literature and ideology, the history of Soviet culture, Stalinism and the Gulag. He devotes his essay “Opening of The Archipelago” to the history of the Gulag in the perception of the western public and the special role of Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s novel in discovering the truth about this tragic page of Soviet history.

“How to Solve The Security Dilemma for Ukraine? The Idea of The Intermarium in Central and Eastern Europe” by Kostiantyn Fedorenko and Andreas Umland, Research Fellows at the Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation (Kyiv), investigates the concept of Intermarium. They argue that the security of non-aligned states – Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia and Azerbaijan – largely depended on the success of cooperation with a certain party. The partial resolving of the problem of ‘the gray zone’ for all Eastern European countries – either those within the NATO and the EU or those outside of them – is the restoration of the ancient concept of Intermarium. The cooperation of states in the area between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea can strengthen security in the region and improve the balance of forces against Russia.

Hanna Veselovska is a theater critic, Professor at the Ivan Karpenko-Kary Kyiv National University of Theatre, Film and Television. Her “A Port of Contemporary Art” reviews The Porto Franko Festival, that lately took place in Ivano-Frankivsk. She shows how the festival created a common cultural and artistic urban space, where theater, music, visual installations, cinema and literature coexisted. According to the author, the main feature of contemporary art is the ability to project the future, to provoke new sensations of reality and to test our ability to be in the here and now.

Another cornerstone feature of art is the ability to capture the memory of the past. In her essay “Memory Circles,” Kateryna Iakovlenko, scientific expert of the PinchukArtCentre Research Platform and postgraduate student of the Department of New Media of the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, who studies Soviet visual culture and propaganda, as well as women’s history writes about the sculptor Yulia Ukader, her life and wartime experiences. Through Ukader’s life we have a glimpse of an alternative history of the Second World War.

It’s been a year since the passing of Svitlana Haiduk (01.01.1940 – 12.11.2016), literary editor and copy-editor, and long-time employee of Krytyka Press and the journal Krytyka. In “The Expert of the Word,” Oleksandr Boron, literary critic, head of the Shevchenko Studies Department of the Taras Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, recalls her life and work. Svitlana Haiduk worked on many complex academic publications, particularly encyclopedias, and on complete collections of various classical works and did so with commitment and care. The death of such a highly qualified specialist is always a painful loss, especially now, when an absence of style, and general carelessness are becoming the new norm.

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